Dec. 24, 2020
Knowledge About Rugby
Rugby, a kind of ball game, is popular in the United Kingdom, South Africa, the United States, France, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, Argentina, Japan, Canada, and Italy. It originated in Rugby, England in 1823, originally known as Rugby Football, or Rugby for short.
Because its spherical shape resembles an olive, it is called rugby in China. Rugby is a city in central England, where there is a Rugby School, which is the birthplace of rugby. Rugby union (Rugby union), also known as Rugby football, English abbreviation Rugby, also translated as Rugby in China, also uses olive ball Rugby League, American football (American football), Canadian football (Canadian football), Australian football (Australian football), Gaelic football (also known as Irish football).
One day in 1823, Rugby School in Rugby Town, Warwickshire, England, was hosting an intramural football match. A student named William Webb Ellis was annoyed by a football mistake and made a whim. , He picked up the ball and ran to the opponent's goal. Although this action was foul, it aroused the interest of the audience. Since then, in the school's football games, the things of holding the ball and running happened frequently and gradually spread. After some enthusiastic research and improvement, it gradually developed into a new sport. Since it is a football derivative sport developed from Rugby School, it is called "Rugby Football".
In 1845, rugby developed its first set of rules. In 1863, several major rugby clubs in England decided to leave the English Football Association and become independent. In 1871, the first rugby sports organization-Rugby Football Union was formally established.
Because the British sea power was extremely strong at that time, rugby was expanded to British territories and colonies with the British navy, and then gradually spread to other countries, becoming a worldwide sport.
In 1900, the former president of the Olympic Committee Coubertin introduced rugby to the Olympics. In the 1900 London Olympics, 1920 Antwerp Olympics, and 1924 Paris Olympics, rugby was an official event. In the four Olympic rugby games, the US team won two championships, and the French team and the Australian team won one championship each. After Coubertin resigned in 1925, de Mayet Latour became the chairman of the Olympic Committee. Since then, group competitions have been restricted by the Olympic Committee, and rugby has been cancelled from the Olympics.
In 1987, the International Rugby Council held the first World Cup Men’s Rugby Championship, and in 1991 the first World Women’s Rugby Championship was held. Since then, countries have exchanged and learned from each other in rugby technical play, and their skills and tactics have rapidly improved. Rugby has taken the world by storm with its unique charm. The development of rugby in Asia is relatively late, and the audience is small.
Rugby has high requirements on the playing field, requiring a rectangular grass of 100 meters long and 70 meters wide. The two long sides of the court are sidelines and the two short sides are touchdown lines. There is a touchdown zone 10-22 meters deep behind the touchdown line, and the bottom line of this zone is the dead ball line. There is a goal in the center of the touchdown line. The goal posts are 5.6 meters apart and connected by a crossbar at a height of 3 meters.
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